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    Macau Dollar

    Macau Dollar Aktueller Wechselkurs Macau-Pataca

    Die Pataca ist die Währung von Macau. Eine Pataca ist in Avos unterteilt. Im Umlauf sind folgende Wertstufen: Banknoten: 10, 20, 50, , 5MOP Münzen: 10, 20 und 50 Avos, sowie 1, 2, 5 und 10 MOP Die Pataca ist fest an den. Die (auch der) Pataca (auch bezeichnet als Macau-Pataca und Macauische Pataca; chinesisch 澳門圓 / 澳门圆, Pinyin Àomén Yuán, Jyutping Ou3mun2 Jyun​4). Der aktuelle Macau-Pataca/Euro Kurs | MOP/EUR - Währunsgrechner für den Wechselkurs von Macau-Pataca in Euro. Convert 1 US-Dollar to Macao-Pataca. Get live exchange rates, historical rates & charts for USD to MOP with XE's free currency calculator. Convert 1 Euro to Macao-Pataca. Get live exchange rates, historical rates & charts for EUR to MOP with XE's free currency calculator.

    Macau Dollar

    Macao Dollar (Patacas), pataca. Es listet die gegenseitige Umwandlung zwischen dem Macau Pataca und andere Top-Währungen und listet auch die Wechselkurse zwischen dieser Währung. 1 Pataca entspricht somit stets 0, Hong Kong Dollar. ISO MOP. numerisch: 1,00 Macau Pataca. UGX - Ugandischer Schilling. Für Funkelstein Platin aufgeführten Inhalte kann keine Gewährleistung für die Vollständigkeit, Richtigkeit und Genauigkeit übernommen werden. ISK - Isländische Krone. Iconomi ICN Krypto. Loopring LRC Krypto. Cryptonex CNX Krypto. Euro EUR Euroland. NAD - Namibischer Dollar. LSL - Basotho Loti. BioNTech SE spons. The territory's jurisdictional independence is most apparent in Sonnenalp Kleinwalsertal immigration and taxation policies. Cotaia major area developed on reclaimed land between Taipa and Coloaneand areas of the Macau New Urban Zone do not have defined parishes. Flag Emblem. Retrieved 29 March The China Quarterly. They were concluded with the signing of the Joint Declaration Chaturbate Token the Question of Macauin which Portugal agreed to transfer the colony in and China would Gruppe Sweet Macau's Amsterdam Urlaub Tipps and economic systems for 50 years after the transfer. New Zealand dollar. Wählen Sie "Währungen tauschen" um Macau Pataca zur Standard-Währung zu machen. Klicken Sie auf Macau Patacas oder Euro, um zwischen dieser. Wählen Sie "Währungen tauschen" um Macau Pataca zur Standard-Währung zu machen. Klicken Sie auf Macau Patacas oder Schweizer Franc, um zwischen. 1 Pataca entspricht somit stets 0, Hong Kong Dollar. ISO MOP. numerisch: 1,00 Macau Pataca. Es listet die gegenseitige Umwandlung zwischen dem Macau Pataca und andere Top-Währungen und listet auch die Wechselkurse zwischen dieser Währung. 1 Macau Pataca in Euro € Umrechnen.ᗌ Realtime kurs: ᐈ Macau Pataca (MOP)/​Euro € (EUR) Wechselkurs in Echtzeit. Aktueller Historischer kursen für.

    The Chief Executive is the head of government, and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms. The Legislative Assembly has 33 members, each serving a four-year term: 14 are directly elected , 12 indirectly elected , and 7 appointed by the Chief Executive.

    Twelve political parties had representatives elected to the Legislative Assembly in the election. Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region, and Macau is treated as a separate jurisdiction.

    Interpretative and amending power over the Basic Law and jurisdiction over acts of state lie with the central authority, however, making regional courts ultimately subordinate to the mainland's socialist civil law system.

    Decisions made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress can also override territorial judicial processes.

    The territory's jurisdictional independence is most apparent in its immigration and taxation policies. The Identification Department issues passports for permanent residents which differ from those issued by the mainland or Hong Kong, and the region maintains a regulated border with the rest of the country.

    The Macao Garrison is responsible for the region's defence. Although the Chairman of the Central Military Commission is supreme commander of the armed forces, [79] the regional government may request assistance from the garrison.

    The State Council and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Macau retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations.

    The territory is divided into seven parishes. Cotai , a major area developed on reclaimed land between Taipa and Coloane , and areas of the Macau New Urban Zone do not have defined parishes.

    The municipalities were abolished in and superseded by the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau in providing local services. Sex trafficking in Macau is an issue.

    Macau and foreign women and girls are forced into prostitution in brothels, homes, and businesses in the city. It is surrounded by the South China Sea in the east and south, and neighbours the Guangdong city of Zhuhai to the west and north.

    Urban development is concentrated on peninsular Macau, where most of the population lives. Both natural sedimentation and land reclamation expanded the area enough to support urban growth.

    Cotai , the area of reclaimed land connecting Taipa and Coloane, contains many of the newer casinos and resorts established after Macau has a humid subtropical climate Köppen Cwa , characteristic of southern China.

    The territory is dual season dominant — summer May to September and winter November to February are the longest seasons, while spring March and April and autumn October are relatively brief periods.

    Typhoons also occur most often then, bringing significant spikes in rainfall. During the winter, northern winds from the continent bring dry air and much less rainfall.

    The Statistics and Census Service estimated Macau's population at , at the end of The overwhelming majority The predominant language is Cantonese , a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong.

    It is spoken by Only 2. Increased immigration from mainland China in recent years has added to the number of Mandarin speakers, making up about half of the population English is considered an additional working language [] and is spoken by over a quarter of the population Chinese folk religions have the most adherents Small minorities adhering to other religions less than 1 per cent , including Hinduism , Judaism , and Islam , are also resident in Macau.

    Life expectancy in Macau was Most government-provided healthcare services are free of charge, though alternative treatment is also heavily subsidised.

    Migrant workers living in Macau account for over 25 per cent of the entire workforce. As a growing proportion of local residents take up employment in the gaming industry, the disparity in income between local and migrant workers has been increasing.

    Macau has a capitalist service economy largely based on casino gaming and tourism. The regional economy is heavily reliant on casino gaming.

    The vast majority of casino patrons are tourists from mainland China, making up 68 per cent of all visitors.

    Economic uncertainty may account for some of the drop, but alternate Asian gambling venues do as well. For example, Chinese visitors to the Philippines more than doubled between and , since the City of Dreams casino opened in Manila.

    Casino gambling was legalised in and the gaming industry initially operated under a government-licensed monopoly granted to the Sociedade de Turismo e Diversões de Macau.

    This license was renegotiated and renewed several times before ending in after 40 years. Export-oriented manufacturing previously contributed to a much larger share of economic output, peaking at The government traditionally had a non-interventionist role in the economy and taxes corporations at very low rates.

    Due to a lack of available land for farming, agriculture is not significant in the economy. Food is exclusively imported to Macau and almost all foreign goods are transshipped through Hong Kong.

    Automobiles drive on the left unlike in both mainland China and Portugal , due to historical influence of the Portuguese Empire.

    Macau International Airport serves over 8 million passengers each year and is the primary hub for local flag carrier Air Macau.

    Phase 1 of the Taipa line had begun operations in December , the Taipa line will connect 11 metro stations throughout Taipa and Cotai. Daily helicopter service is also available to Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

    Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S. In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents.

    Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.

    There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere.

    The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.

    The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.

    It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences.

    As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.

    Education in Macau does not have a single centralised set of standards or curriculum. Individual schools follow different educational models, including Chinese, Portuguese, Hong Kong, and British systems.

    Of residents aged 3 and older, 69 per cent completed lower secondary education, 49 per cent graduated from an upper secondary school, 21 per cent earned a bachelor's degree or higher.

    While lower than that of other developed economies, the rate is due to the influx of refugees from mainland China during the post-war colonial era.

    Much of the elderly population were not formally educated due to war and poverty. Most schools in the territory are private institutions.

    Out of the 77 non-tertiary schools, 10 are public and the other 67 are privately run. Students at the secondary school level studying in neighbouring areas of Guangdong are also eligible for tuition subsidies.

    The vast majority of schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction , with written education in Chinese and compulsory classes in Mandarin.

    A minority of private schools use English or Portuguese as the primary teaching language. Luso-Chinese schools mainly use Chinese, but additionally require mandatory Portuguese-language classes as part of their curriculum.

    Macau has ten universities and tertiary education institutes. The University of Macau , founded in , is the territory's only public comprehensive university.

    The Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau is the oldest higher institute, specialising in educating future nursing staff for the college's parent hospital.

    Five other institutes specialise in specific vocations or provide continuing education. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.

    The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November, [] when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix.

    The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February. All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December.

    Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area. One of the main examples of the report is that the headquarter of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government, which is located on the Guia foothill and obstructs the view of the Guia Fortress one of the world heritages symbols of Macao.

    Food in Macau is mainly based on both Cantonese and Portuguese cuisine , drawing influences from Indian and Malay dishes as well, reflecting a unique cultural and culinary blend after centuries of colonial rule.

    While many restaurants claim to serve traditional Portuguese or Macanese dishes, most serve a mix of Cantonese-Portuguese fusion cuisine.

    Despite its small area, Macau is home to a variety of sports and recreational facilities that have hosted a number of major international sporting events, including the East Asian Games , the Lusophony Games , and the Asian Indoor Games.

    The territory regularly hosts the Macau Grand Prix , one of the most significant annual motorsport competitions that uses city streets as the racetrack.

    It is the only street circuit that hosts Formula Three , touring car , and motorcycle races in the same event.

    The Guia Circuit , with narrow corner clearance and a winding path, is considered an extremely challenging course and a serious milestone for prospective Formula One racers.

    Macau represents itself separately from mainland China with its own sports teams in international competitions. The territory maintains its own National Olympic Committee , but does not compete in the Olympic Games.

    Current International Olympic Committee rules specify that new NOCs can only be admitted if they represent sovereign states Hong Kong has participated in the Olympics since before the regulation change in Macau has six sister cities , listed chronologically by year joined: [].

    Macau is part of the Union of Luso-Afro-Americo-Asiatic Capital Cities [] [] from 28 June , establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Macau disambiguation. Special administrative region of China.

    Special administrative region in People's Republic of China. Special administrative region. Chinese [a] Portuguese [b]. Regional language.

    Official scripts. Traditional Chinese [b] Portuguese orthography. Main article: Names of Macau. Main articles: History of Macau and History of China.

    Main article: Municipalities and parishes of Macau. Main article: Geography of Macau. Marina at Macau Fisherman's Wharf. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of Macau, the people from Mainland China being the region's most prolific tourists.

    Main article: Transport in Macau. See also: Healthcare in Macau and List of hospitals in Macau. Main article: Education in Macau.

    Main article: Culture of Macau. Main article: Macanese cuisine. Left : Macanese-style pastel de nata. Right : Pork chop buns are popular street snacks.

    Main article: Sport in Macau. China portal Asia portal. Residents predominantly speak Cantonese , the de facto regional standard.

    Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Macau News.

    Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 October Central Intelligence Agency.

    Archived from the original on 12 April Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September The World Factbook.

    Archived from the original on 9 January Retrieved 7 February Visit Macao. Retrieved 16 May State Department Notes on Macau , p.

    Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 2 June Tourism Office. Archived from the original on 9 February World Trade Organization. Archived from the original on 28 December Cartography and Cadastre Bureau.

    Archived from the original on 29 September Macau Business. Macau Daily Times. Transport Bureau. Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 14 February Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau.

    Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 29 March Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 20 January Wall Street Journal.

    Economic Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February In , it was decided to have a uniquely Macau currency, and for that purpose, the Banco Nacional Ultramarino was granted exclusive rights to issue legal tender banknotes that were to be denominated in patacas.

    On January 27, , pataca notes in denominations of 1, 5, 50 and were introduced and all foreign coinage was outlawed, the idea being to make the pataca paper notes the sole legal tender currency in Macau.

    However, the Chinese, being so accustomed to using silver for barter, were suspicious of this new paper money, and as such, the paper pataca always circulated at a discount in relation to the silver dollar coins.

    On the contrary, a similar action at exactly the same time in the Straits Settlements , and for the same purpose, had the different effect of putting the new Straits dollar into the gold exchange standard.

    Hence both the Macau pataca and the Straits dollar were launched at a sterling value of 2 shillings and 4 pence, but where the Straits dollar remained at that value until the s, the Macau pataca fluctuated with the value of silver, just like the Hong Kong unit.

    In , when Hong Kong and China abandoned the silver standard, the Hong Kong unit was pegged to sterling at a rate of 1 shilling and 3 pence, while the Macau pataca was pegged to the Portuguese escudo at a rate of 5.

    This meant that the Macau pataca was worth only 1 shilling sterling and was therefore at a discount of 3 pence sterling in relation to the Hong Kong unit.

    The first exclusively Macau coinage was not introduced until the year , which happened to be the year after the last pataca fractional coins were minted for East Timor.

    In that year in Macau, denominations below 10 patacas were replaced by coins. The authority to issue patacas was transferred to the Monetary Authority of Macau.

    Coins were not issued for use in Macau until , with the 20 cent coin of Canton Province circulating. In , bronze 5 and 10 avos, cupro-nickel 50 avos and.

    Nickel-brass replaced bronze in , including the last issue of 5 avos. Nickel replaced silver in the 1 pataca in In , a final. Brass 10, 20 and 50 avos and cupro-nickel 1 and 5 patacas were introduced in The 20 avos and 5 patacas became dodecagonal in and , respectively, whilst a bimetallic 10 patacas was introduced in and a cupronickel 2 patacas in Coins are issued by the Monetary Authority of Macau.

    In a similar arrangement to the issue of banknotes in Hong Kong , Macau's banknotes are not issued by a central bank or monetary authority but by two commercial banks , the Banco Nacional Ultramarino and the Bank of China.

    Following the initial issues of pataca banknotes in , the new currency was supplemented the following year by 10 and 25 pataca notes, and in February , 5, 10 and 50 avo notes were added.

    In , the Banco Vui Hang introduced 10 pataca notes which stated that they were backed by Cantonese 20 cent coins. The BNU issues were augmented by 1 and 20 avo notes in , and in , pataca notes were introduced.

    The 25 pataca note was discontinued after On August 8, , BNU issued a pataca banknote, the highest value banknote yet. Another feature is the replacement of the Coat of arms of Portugal with BNU's logo, shedding a political symbol in the prospect of reunification with China.

    In , the Banco da China introduced notes in denominations of 10, 50, , and patacas. Banknotes are currently issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, , and patacas.

    The current series of BNU banknotes was issued in , while the Bank of China notes were last issued between and The dimensions of the banknotes are the same as that of Hong Kong banknotes worth the corresponding number of dollars.

    On December 20, , the day Macau was retroceded to China, banknotes of all values except for 10 patacas by both banks were reissued with that date.

    On January 5, , the Monetary Authority of Macau announced a new series of banknotes, dated , released by the Bank of China. In , the Macau branch of the Bank of China issued four million 20 pataca banknotes in commemoration of the 29th Summer Olympic Games in Beijing.

    In , the Banco Nacional Ultramarino and Banco da China issued ten million 10 pataca banknotes to commemorate the Year of the Dragon, and from —, the Banco National Ultramarino and the Banco da China are each authorized to issue a maximum number of 20 million special notes with the face value of 10 patacas to mark each lunar new year.

    In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the transfer of Macau to the People's Republic of China, the Banco Nacional Ultramarino and the Banco da China issued five million 20 patacas banknotes.

    The front side of the notes feature the 7-ton gilded bronze sculpture "Lotus Flower In Full Bloom", representing the prosperity of Macau.

    Despite the fact that the pataca is the official currency of Macau, most of the money in circulation in the Region is actually Hong Kong dollars.

    Patacas accounted for only Although it is possible to exchange patacas in Macau, it is either difficult or impossible to do so elsewhere. Although the pataca is the legal tender of Macau, the Hong Kong dollar is almost universally acceptable in the Region, and in some cases, is preferred to the Pataca.

    Payments to government agencies can also be made in both Hong Kong dollars and patacas. As Macau currently imposes no restrictions on the import or export of local or foreign currency, visitors can change their currency in hotels , banks and bureaux de change located all around the city including 24 hour currency exchange booths at Macau International Airport Taipa Island and at the Lisboa Hotel Macau Peninsula for customers if they want to change their currency into patacas outside working hours.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Macau Economy. Publications Centre, University of Macau. Archived from the original on Retrieved 7 February Monetary Authority of Macao.

    Retrieved Chan Bank of China Macau. Retrieved 13 December Banco Nacional Ultramarino S.

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